By International Energy Agency
On the request of the Angolan executive in 2005, the IEA performed a survey of the Angolan power area and effort rules. This ensuing document on Angola specializes in components for precedence motion and hones in on strength subsectors more likely to play the most important position in assembly family call for for contemporary power companies: particularly electrical energy and oil items. As biomass presently performs a tremendous position in assembly the bulk of the power wishes of Angolan families, this sub-sector is additionally featured, with emphasis on bettering the sustainability of this renewable strength resource. This research deals a practical replace on Angolas modern strength state of affairs and identifies the most priorities that could shape the foundation of a good total power approach. It additionally offers classes which may be acceptable in lots of different constructing countries.--Publisher's description. Read more...
Read Online or Download Angola : towards an energy strategy PDF
Similar strategy books
Filenote: Retail kindle is a Topaz dossier. mobi created through switched over htmlz --> mobi
To be a winning supervisor, you want to grasp the abilities that signify strategic thinking--from studying occasions to studying information--and understand how to use these talents at the activity.
In pondering Strategically, you'll research to:
• comprehend what strategic pondering is and why it really is valuable
• View strategic pondering as a process
• realize the private qualities, behaviors, attitudes, and cognitive capacities that strategic thinkers reveal
The new struggle in Chechnya, regardless of all of the media insurance, continues to be a complicated tangle for lots of humans. The warfare used to be the results of many conflicting political, financial, judicial, and army concerns that were fermenting for many years. purely the main basic objectives turned sincerely obvious: for Moscow, the upkeep of its territorial integrity; for Chechens, the fight for nationwide independence.
I give some thought to this publication the most very important books of our time, for it takes on "the Borg" at an highbrow point in a cultural context, and in so doing, speaks fact to energy: our Emperors ("the Borg") are bare and ignorant.
Early on he issues out that ours isn't the first globalization, and that past globalizations have established that new identities upward push inside of globalization and *cannot be placed down* (his emphasis). New principles, counter-establishment principles, can't be suppressed, and finally triumph in new realization at a number of degrees. States fight vainly, equating every thing "new" with being a "threat," and finally cave in lower than the burden in their personal lack of understanding and lack of ability to evolve.
The first few chapters recommend that our response to 9/11 opened a Pandora's field, that AF-IQ are our Waterloo, and that "non-state actors" is a universal time period for all that's outdoor the country.
He specifies six "identity" migration paths: networks of conversion and subversion (e. g. the Muslim Brotherhood and the Pentecostals); self reliant city subcultures (e. g. gangs); rising countries; fighter fraternities; militarized Bucellani (vandal elites, e. g. the Taliban, a country inside a state); and our personal go to endure, intercessor safety sub-cultures (e. g. our military-industrial complicated to which i might upload, a Congress missing in integrity).
TWO significant issues:
1. the U.S. army isn't any longer Of, by means of, and For We the folks, not a collective citizenry that's armed--in short, the militarization of nationwide coverage has made us conceited, ignorant, and repugnant.
2. by way of resisting switch we're selling switch. i will not aid myself, i feel of the anti-Borg from outer area that grows once we nuke it, shrinks after we convey love.
The writer issues out that each US army intervention right into a Muslim society has failed; that our disasters bring about new formulation (reformations) instead of new instructions (transformations); and that during being drawn in and protecting the chaos house, we're feeding the metamorphosis of non-state cocoons into butterflies very difficult to hit with an artillery shell or perhaps an aimed bullet.
The heart of the booklet expands at the subject matter of struggle as "creative destruction" (a mantra within the advertisement intelligence world), whereas mentioning that during ignoring morality, the Napoleonic and Clauswitzian crucial ("the ethical is to the actual as 3 is to one"--today i might make it 10:1) the united states is giving up the very energy that issues, and failing to appreciate that identification is improved than materiel. He issues out that the "others" have dedication, sacrifice, collective effectiveness, breeding in conflict, are battling on their domestic floor, and accomplish transcendence in resisting the U.S.. in the meantime, within the US, 1% do the combating and the opposite ninety nine% are requested to head purchasing.
P26: "America's challenge comes with the invention that it truly is only the midwife instead of the godfather. We struggle to be able to get not anything from these we legitimize. "
I have a word tradition is identification is being is sacred and jointly shape attention.
The writer is important of Al Qaeda and its many errors, yet credit them with drawing the U.S. out into growing the chaos house during which different indigenous forces are emerging.
His part on strategy discusses the application of background and anthropology, either overseas "denied parts" to the USG IMHO.
The writer issues out the most obvious that isn't so visible to these sacrificing America's blood, treasure, and spirit in our identify, i. e. thirds of humanity is "the different" residing the Hobbsian existence that's "poor, nasty, brutish, and brief. ," For those humans, struggle is an access aspect to negotiations, and the hot gamers gather legitimacy via out-lasting (not unavoidably out-fighting) US forces.
As we flow towards the realization the writer speculates that we can be headed for a brand new center a long time with an international pandemic, weather switch, and an power crunch (to which i'd upload water crunch).
AF-IQ went flawed in 5 methods:
1. Liberation fizzled (I upload, simply because neither Rumsfeld nor Gates are interested by waging peace)
2. Al Qaeda confirmed up in Iraq (the writer neglects Iran's glee and strategic leverage)
3. No fabulous reconstruction (according to Paul Wolfowitz , "at their expense")
4. No democratic transformation (to have anticipated one was once idiocy or lying)
5. international didn't, won't, settle for the "Long warfare"
Chapter eight on "fit" credit Martin van Creveld with the time period, and assuredly discusses how our leaders went to warfare, ordered others to battle, with out the slightest realizing of "the different. " The "American method of conflict" that Tony Echeverria has mentioned isn't a manner of struggle in any respect, has been, within the author's phrases, "the helpmate to enemy attention. "
On web page 176 the writer itemizes our "transformation" principles set and concludes it truly is flat out fallacious.
1. Situational know-how (based on distant applied sciences)
2. Precision killing (ineffective for people)
3. fast dominance (not so speedy)
4. Kill adequate of the enemy and their leaders, and resistance will fold (simply no longer so).
PP191-192 are a stake within the center of COIN--it isn't really incorrect, it really is easily ignorant and oblivious of the strategic complete of presidency and full Earth ramifications of spending all of our cash on a lemon. COIN is (my phrases) "Borg positive. " COIN is "bento-box recognition" and RAND--normally a supplicant cheer-leader-- has defined its loss of life intimately.
P202: "The occasions of 11th of September drove us again to nice struggle, yet this time with no *the humans. * This nice struggle used to be *and is still* a conflict of the management and its tribal confederacy. it's a state-military firm, yet way more considerably, *it can also be now a state-military liturgy. * (Emphasis in unique. ]
The writer notes that the "other" has a quicker studying curve than we do, and on web page 182: "Today's non-state actors recognize us higher than we want to comprehend them. " this is often an indictment of the USG.
See the pictures loaded less than the booklet hide, and lower than books in keeping with author's intent:
The classes of History
The panorama of heritage: How Historians Map the Past
The wellbeing and fitness of countries: Society and legislations past the State
The Unconquerable global: strength, Nonviolence and the need of the People
A strength Governments can't Suppress
Breaking the true Axis of Evil: the way to Oust the World's final Dictators by means of 2025
Uncomfortable Wars Revisited (International and defense Affairs Series)
Who the Hell Are We scuffling with? : the tale of Sam Adams and the Vietnam Intelligence Wars
The Tunnels of Cu Chi: A Harrowing Account of America's "Tunnel Rats" within the Underground Battlefields of Vietnam
- Energy and the Politics of the North Atlantic
- The Dynamics of Military Revolution, 1300-2050
- The Incredible Banker
- Bussaco 1810: Wellington defeats Napoleon's Marshals
- Anzio 1944 : the beleaguered beachhead
- The Standout Business Plan: Make It Irresistible--and Get the Funds You Need for Your Startup or Growing Business
Additional resources for Angola : towards an energy strategy
The area covered by the Southern grid saw comparatively less action during the civil war. As a result, much of this grid remains in operation. The main exception is the 150-kV network, of which only around 60% of installed lines are intact. A major goal of the Angolan authorities is to connect the Central and Southern grids to the Northern in order to more effectively use the North’s generating capacity. The proposed Western Corridor project to export power from the Democratic Republic of Congo to South Africa via Angola includes a high-voltage transmission line that potentially could accomplish this internal interconnection as a by-product, although the timing of this project discussed in more detail below is currently uncertain.
It indicated that one-fifth of all children aged 5 to 14 years perform various jobs and 42% of children of poor families are engaged in household work. Major human development indicators such as food security and access to health and education services, deteriorated sharply during the war and are still at very low levels. In the 1990s, the international community was deeply involved in alleviating the Angolan humanitarian crisis and the country received considerable assistance, including food support.
1% was hydro and 38% thermal. 4% of total installed capacity was considered operational. This included two units (2 x 130 MW) of the new Capanda hydroelectric plant that came online in 2004. Capanda’s expected eventual total © OECD/IEA, 2006 ENE is currently responsible for most generation facilities in the country. The main exceptions are the unknown capacity and number of small generating units operated by some city governments to supply isolated municipal networks, as well as backup generation units operated by most industries and many households.
Angola : towards an energy strategy by International Energy Agency