By Stephen O. Murray

ISBN-10: 9027221782

ISBN-13: 9789027221780

This can be a revised model of thought teams and the examine of Language in North the USA (1994), the post-World-War-II heritage of the emergence of sociolinguistics in North the USA that used to be defined in Language in Society as “a heady mixture of targeted scholarship, mordant wit, and sustained narrative designed to cajole even the skeptical reader that those myriad, usually concurrently emergent, methods of pondering language are certainly interrelated. . . . this is often an outspoken, attractive, rollicking, sometimes disturbing event within the historical past of those sciences as with regards to their perform. . . to not be neglected by means of somebody who cares concerning the highbrow underpinnings of the examine of language in society,” in Language as delivering “the closest approximation” to how sociolinguists got here jointly and constructed the sector, and in Lingua as delivering “the so much complete overviews of many of the and sundry ways to [American] linguistic research.” American Sociolinguistics examines either thought teams (such because the ethnography of conversing and ethnoscience), and sociolinguistic students (such as William Labov, Einar Haugen, and Erving Goffman) whose widely-known and often-emulated paintings was once now not pursued by way of prepared teams.

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34 "It was a time for new beginnings with a certain hope or scientific solutions to all kinds of problems; it was also a time at which money was becoming readily available," as Heims (1977:144) recalls. A notable feature of the post-war The reception was not hostile. Hortense Powdermaker (1940), reviewing it in the American Anthropologist praised it as a methodological exercise, perceiving it as a synthesis of RadcliffeBrown's abstract, rigidly synchronic functionalism and of Benedict's work on personality as a culture configuration.

1989) or in Winters (1991) further evidence her obliteration from collective memory — even in celebrating of foremothers. 26 AMERICAN SOCIOLINGUISTICS or (3) borrowing a word from another language. Three articles on linguistic acculturation appeared together in a 1943 issue of the American Anthropologist, including one by one of the best of Redfield's students, Edward Spicer, and two by anthropologists influenced by Kroeber. Jean Johnson showed that phonologi­ cal and syntactical influences of Spanish had been incorporated into Yaqui.

These categories are so fundamental and unconscious they are not recognized except in cases of extraordinary mismatch with reality (as in the 'empty' oil drum) or with fluency in languages from different basic stocks. At the level of ontogeny — of the determination of an individual's thought patterns — language and culture both pre-exist. Both are 'given' to new members of participation or observation of Native American life. Whorf s contributions to the ethnographic record are even slimmer than Sapir's.

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American Sociolinguistics: Theorists and theory groups by Stephen O. Murray


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