By John Murphy

ISBN-10: 0791095177

ISBN-13: 9780791095171

Whereas a lot awareness has been centred lately upon Iran's fiery and debatable president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, the nation's different prime energy dealer has remained principally within the shadows...until now. Grand Ayatollah Ali Khamenei was once born right into a relations of strict piety and reasonable poverty. As a serious-minded non secular scholar, he quickly stuck the attention of the Ayatollah Khomeini. becoming a member of Khomeini in his progressive actions opposed to the U.S.-backed Shah of Iran, Khamenei used to be time and again imprisoned and tortured. Undaunted, he survived to witness Khomeini's successful go back from exile and was once rewarded for his sacrifices to the Islamic revolution with a sequence of vital executive and spiritual appointments. Upon Khomeini's loss of life, Khamenei used to be named his successor and have become the Grand Ayatollah of Iran. This new biography is vital interpreting for these desirous to find out about a guy prone to turn into essentially the most influential global leaders of the twenty first century.

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Extra resources for Ali Khamenei

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Soon after the creation of the Majlis, whatever progress the new representative body could achieve towards Iranian sovereignty was negated by the outbreak of World War I in 1914. Britain’s navy had become heavily dependent upon oil as its main fuel source. As a result, the British government acquired a controlling share in the Anglo-Persian Oil Company (APOC), the monopoly that controlled Iranian oil fields. In order to head off Russian competition for this oil-rich Iranian territory, Britain granted Russia control of Istanbul and the Turkish Strait.

The house only had one room and a gloomy basement. The family could afford only barley bread, rather than wheat bread, and it was often bought with the money Ali Khamenei’s grandmother gave him and his siblings as a gift. The children’s clothes were sewn together from the scraps of 63 64 ali khamenei their father’s worn-out garments. Whenever visitors came to see Sayyed Javad Khamenei, seeking spiritual guidance, the Khamenei children had to retreat to the basement. Eventually, some friends of his father pooled their resources and bought the Khamenei family a small plot of land adjoining their home, allowing them to put an addition on the house and expand it to three rooms.

They were justly proud of their culture and all they had been able to achieve and felt somewhat superior to their Arab conquerors. Though Arabs were the chosen people of Allah, they were considered by “cultured” Persians to be mere desert-dwelling, animal-herding barbarians. Islam taught equality of all men and insisted that one’s allegiance and loyalty belonged to Allah, not to any state or leader. Because all believers were equal, there could be no king, and because Allah was supreme over all, demanding and deserving of one’s total devotion, kingdoms and states and national borders were irrelevant.

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Ali Khamenei by John Murphy

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