By Mario Saltarelli
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Extra resources for A Phonology of Italian in a Generative Grammar
The general motivation or task for the phonological component of Italian is to assign PHONETIC REPRESENTATIONS to utterances generated by the syntactic component. A phonetic representation is taken to be a linguistically satisfying characterization of the regularities and generalities which identify the sounds and the processes (rules) of pronunciation. It is assumed that the following are reasonable conditions to be required of a phonological description. They are not entities of the particular phonological theory of Italian, but rather universals of the general theory of phonology assumed.
And Lex. 1, 2* we compute that the total is exactly the same. In conclusion, if we choose the latter we are just taking features from the lexicon and specifying them in the grammar. 1*, 2* do not predict anything, they fail to qualify as grammatical rules, in that there is no motivation for them in the grammar. The obvious result is the abandonment of the proposed alternative. 1*, 2*, this analysis will state the regularity restricted to the complement of the exceptions on a lexical basis. This results at least in a fair understanding of the facts.
Yet we find that certain bisyllables are termed 'unstressed' and some monosyllables are termed 'stressed'. This implies an additional definition (B) of pro- and en-'clitics': any word is said to be stressed or unstressed according to whether (in combination with other words in a 'stress group') it carries or does not carry the primary stress. Definitions (A)-(B) are both used in phonological descriptions, yet they intersect contrastively. Thus it seems that stress is characterized by higher grammatical definitions and not by a strictly phonetic criterion.
A Phonology of Italian in a Generative Grammar by Mario Saltarelli