By Mary Laughren
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Additional resources for A Learner's Guide to Warlpiri: Tape Course for Beginners
34. Nyarrpa-jarrimi ka ngarrka? Ngarrka ka ngarlarrimi. Revise this section before you go o n . Lesson One 37 WORD ORDER Warlpiri permits far greater variation than English in the order in which words come in a sentence as you will see in examples 35-40. ' The particular word order of a Warlpiri sentence will depend on the context in which the sentence is spoken. If a nominal refers to a participant not previously mentioned in the discourse, or if it is being contrasted with another referent, then it is likely to be put in focus by being placed at the beginning of the sentence.
Kulaka kamta wangkami. Kulaka wangkami kamta. The woman isn't running. 40. Wati kulaka purlami. Kulaka wati purlami. Kulaka purlami wati. g. Recall that the verb cannot go before kulaku: review the Note on page 33. e. emphasis, on it than on surrounding words. ' or states that 'The woman shouted,' and you believe that it was the man not the woman who shouted, then you might stress the words underlined in sentence 41 below. In Warlpiri, on the other hand, you can achieve the same effect by placing the established topic, karnta 'woman', immediately after the negative auxiliary kulaka and by putting the newly introduced wati 'man' at the beginning of the following clause or sub-sentence.
Who AUXILIARY be shout+NJA-not Who ;s not shouting? /Who doesn't shout? / Who can't shout? Negative ending � � 0 -wangu can attach to all sorts of nominals as well as to verbs with a special ending to mean 'not X' or 'without X' where X is the word that -wangu is attached to. For example, ngurrju 'good', ngurrju-wangu 'not good'; karn ta 'a woman', karn ta-wangu 'not a woman', 'without a woman'. Listen for these types of expressions and try to use them yourself. � � � � Q � Q,ooooooooooo ooooooc:>ocx>0
A Learner's Guide to Warlpiri: Tape Course for Beginners by Mary Laughren