By Alan Cruse
This handy-size reference booklet comprises the entire phrases prone to be encountered in a semester's research of sociolinguistics. The definitions are transparent, concise and entire, and plenty of examples are supplied. extra maps and diagrams supplement the textual content. hugely instructed.
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Extra info for A Glossary of Sociolinguistics.
There was a loud knock. I opened the door. Two policemen. collective plural see under plural collocation This term is used in two main ways. The first use refers to any grammatically well-formed sequence of words that go together without oddness, such as an excellent performance. We say that, for instance, excellent ‘collocates with’ performance, meaning that they go together normally; we can also say that excellent is ‘a normal collocate’ of performance. The other use is to refer to a sequence of words that is compositional (unlike a prototypical idiom, for example), but nonetheless forms a unit in some way.
In a grammatical sentence the possibilities of omitting or substituting them without affecting the grammaticality of the sentence are very limited or non-existent. 2. They belong to substitution sets whose membership is effectively fixed, with change occurring only over a long time-scale (typically longer than the lifetime of a single speaker). 793 02 pages 001-202 26 31/3/06 10:19 Page 26 A GLOSSARY OF SEMANTICS AND PRAGMATICS 3. Their main function is to articulate the grammatical structure of a sentence, and while most of them can be said to carry meaning, their meanings are typically basic and very general (see under grammatical meaning).
However, the word also denotes the property or properties something has to have in order to count as a dog (we can think of this as the concept dog); this is called the ‘intension’ of the word (also sometimes called connotation). ) 793 02 pages 001-202 46 31/3/06 10:19 Page 46 A GLOSSARY OF SEMANTICS AND PRAGMATICS deontic modality see under modality de re vs de dicto interpretations An utterance like The prize cheque will be presented to the winner by the president of the company has two interpretations corresponding to two readings of the phrase the president of the company.
A Glossary of Sociolinguistics. by Alan Cruse